India sees growing interest in quantum computing: IBM

“Quantum computers could open the door to new scientific discoveries, life-saving medicines, and improvements in supply chains, logistics, and financial data modeling”

“Quantum computers could open the door to new scientific discoveries, life-saving medicines, and improvements in supply chains, logistics, and financial data modeling”

India is witnessing a growing interest in quantum computing, with the active participation of students, developers and academics. Therefore, the country is emerging as a talent hub for quantum computing, Sandip Patel, MD, IBM India/South Asia Region, said in an interview. Edited excerpts

What are the cardinal differences between quantum and classical computing?

Quantum computing is an exciting new technology that will shape our world of tomorrow by giving us a myriad of possibilities and advantage. Quantum computing is a fundamentally different way of processing information compared to today’s conventional computing systems. While today’s classical computers store information as binary 0 and 1 states, quantum computers rely on the fundamental laws of nature to perform calculations using quantum bits. Unlike a bit which must be a 0 or a 1, a qubit can be in any combination of states, allowing exponentially larger computations and giving them the potential to solve complex problems including even the most powerful classical supercomputers. are not capable.

How will quantum computing provide an edge over classical computing in terms of solving humanity’s daily challenges around life and work?

Quantum computers exploit the phenomenon of quantum mechanics to manipulate information and are expected to shed light on the processes of molecular and chemical interactions, solve difficult optimization problems and enhance the power of artificial intelligence. Such advances could open the door to new scientific discoveries, life-saving medicines, and improvements in supply chains, logistics, and financial data modeling. Today, IBM is actively working with large corporations and governments to help them advance their quantum roadmaps and grow their quantum talent pool to make quantum computing practical for the benefit of science, industry and society.

How will IBM India contribute to Big Blue’s global quantum computing initiatives?

In India, we are witnessing a growing interest in quantum computing with (among the highest) active participation of students, developers and scholars in various initiatives such as IBM Quantum Challenge, IBM Quantum Summer School, the Qiskit Challenge-India (Qiskit is an open-source software development kit built by IBM for the quantum developer community), etc. We also have a growing community of Qiskit lawyers and IBM Quantum ambassadors in India. Additionally, we regularly hold India-focused programs such as Qiskit India Week of Quantum, which celebrated women in quantum to start their quantum journey, and was attended by nearly 300 students. The Qiskit textbook is available in Tamil, Bengali and Hindi and has been accessed over 30,000 times by Indian students in 2021 alone. We see India as a talent hub for quantum computing skills, this which is crucial for the growth and maintenance of such an interdisciplinary field.

Can you give us details about IBM’s collaboration with leading institutions in India to accelerate advanced training and research around quantum computing?

Academia plays an important role in developing skills for any deep technology, including quantum. That’s why, last May, we announced our collaboration with leading educational institutions in India through the IBM Quantum Educators program. Faculty and students at these institutions will be able to access IBM Quantum systems, quantum learning resources, and quantum tools on the IBM Cloud for educational purposes. This allows them to work on real quantum computers and program them using the open source framework Qiskit. In partnership with the Indian Institute of Technology – Madras, IBM held a quantum computing course on the NPTEL platform last year, which attracted more than 10,000 participants. We are also collaborating with universities for joint research on quantum computing and recently one of the research papers was accepted at a leading physics conference.

At what stage is India in quantum computing, how long will it take to see commercialization and where will it find mass applications?

India is poised to play a pivotal role in the quantum technological revolution globally. IBM is committed to helping India advance its quantum agenda by growing the talent and skills landscape and building an ecosystem with industry, business, academia and government. We rely on the dynamic Indian talent and expertise to help solve some of the most pressing challenges. In line with our quantum roadmap announced in 2021, IBM launched its first 127-qubit processor. In 2022, IBM has further extended its quantum roadmap to clearly lay out how we will chart the path to frictionless quantum computing. This expanded roadmap includes our plans to build a 4000+ qubit processor by 2023, as well as milestones to build an intelligent quantum software orchestration platform that will eliminate the noise and complexity of quantum machines. , and will easily solve large and complicated problems. separated and resolved through a network of quantum and classical systems. Once realized, this era of quantum-centric supercomputing will open vast and powerful new computing spaces for industries around the world.

What is IBM’s quantum computing strategy for Indian India?

In India, we have a strong team working in research, development and consultancy, working closely with universities, industry and the public sector. Our team works to support and accelerate India’s national quantum mission and participate in building a strong quantum ecosystem as this is crucial for success. The team has grown steadily to meet the needs of the Indian ecosystem and is only expected to grow further in the coming years as they help more and more clients embark on their quantum journey. We have quantum scientists and engineers around the world conducting fundamental research to improve technology, and collaborating with our partners to advance to practical applications with a quantum advantage for science and business. Quantum requires multidisciplinary skills, and IBM has the best scientists and engineers working together to improve the technology and drive the applications important to industry.

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